Biotech startup company Bioo has developed a biological battery that exists in the land and generates energy from the soil. When it rains, nutrients and microorganisms move from the soil into the battery and then produce protons and electrons within the battery which are sent to the anode and the cathode. The battery is oxygenated through small holes on the exposed part of the panel. The process results in a current that has the potential to power an entire house.
"You have an energy source that’s producing electricity during daytime and nighttime,” explained Bioo founder Pablo Vidarte. “So it’s 24-7 production of energy. It doesn’t matter if it’s raining or snowing, it will produce the same amount of energy.”
The biological batteries known as Bioo Panels have the potential to be more beneficial than solar panels as they involve minimal land disturbance and they can work without impacting the surrounding growth of plants and crop. Additionally, materials needed to produce the biological batteries are more abundant than those of solar panels and are therefore potentially more cost-productive (depending on the startup results regarding energy production).
The new tech is planned to be adopted initially on farms where the batteries can power sensors that collect information and data in the soil, and hopefully later down the track, sensors that measure soil carbon.
Bioo aim to have the Panels available on the market by early 2022.